Organizations: Morocco Politics: Socialist Union of Popular Forces USFP

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Socialist Union of Popular Forces
الاتحاد الاشتراكي للقوات الشعبية
Union Socialiste des Forces Populaires
First Secretary Driss Lachgar
Founded 1975; 42 years ago (1975)
Split from National Union of Popular Forces
Headquarters Rabat, Morocco
Newspaper Al Ittihad al Ichtiraki (Arab)
Libération (French)
Ideology Social democracy[1]
Democratic socialism[1]
Political position Centre-left
European affiliation Party of European Socialists (observer)
International affiliation Socialist International,
Progressive Alliance
Colours Purple, White
House of Representatives
20 / 395


The Socialist Union of Popular Forces, USFP, (Arabic: الاتحاد الاشتراكي للقوات الشعبية Al-Ittihad Al-Ishtirakiy Lilqawat Al-Sha’abiyah, French: Union Socialiste des Forces Populaires) is a social-democratic[1]political party in Morocco.

History and profile

The USFP was originally formed as a breakaway from the National Union of Popular Forces (UNFP), a Socialist opposition party which had itself split from the Istiqlal Party in 1959.[2] The USFP was established in 1975.[3][4]

The party won the 1997 parliamentary election.[5] Then the party led the government of Morocco with a centre-left coalition.[5] During this period Abderrahmane Youssoufi, the leader of the party, was the Prime Minister of Morocco.[5]

In the parliamentary election held on 27 September 2002, the party won 50 out of 325 seats, making it the largest party in the Moroccan parliament. Following those elections it formed a government with the Istiqlal party in a three-party coalition known as the “Koutla“.

In the next parliamentary election, held on 7 September 2007, the USFP won 38 out of 325 seats, losing 12 seats and becoming only the fifth largest party in parliament.[6] The USFP was included in the government of Prime Minister Abbas El Fassi, formed on 15 October 2007.[7]

The USFP is a full member of the Socialist International[8] and an observer of the Party of European Socialists.[9]

In the run-up to the November 2011 parliamentary elections, the USFP sought to present a united front with the Party of Progress and Socialism (PPS) and Democratic Forces Front (FFD) to reverse the loss of support for the Moroccan left in the preceding years.[10] The party placed fifth, with 39 seats, in the 2011 elections.[11]

Electoral performance

Year Number of votes Percentage of votes Seats in the
House of Representatives
Position in Parliament
1977 116,470 2.31
1 / 264

1984 550,291 12.39
35 / 301

1993 820,641 13.2
52 / 333

1997 884,061 13.9
57 / 325

Leading government under Abderrahmane Youssoufi
2002 15.38
50 / 325

Part of the government
2007 408,945 8.9
38 / 325

Part of the government
2011 408,108 8.6
39 / 395

2016 367,622 5.06
20 / 395



  1. ^ a b c El-Hussein A’boushi (2010), “The Socialist Union of Popular Forces Party in Morocco”, Returning to Political Parties?, The Lebanese Center for Policy Studies, pp. 131–173, retrieved 1 December 2011 
  2. ^ Marvine Howe (2 June 2005). Morocco: The Islamist Awakening and Other Challenges: The Islamist Awakening and Other Challenges. Oxford University Press. p. 100. ISBN 978-0-19-534698-5. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  3. ^ Marvine Howe (2 June 2005). Morocco: The Islamist Awakening and Other Challenges: The Islamist Awakening and Other Challenges. Oxford University Press. p. 112. ISBN 978-0-19-534698-5. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  4. ^ “Moroccan Political Parties”. Riad Reviews. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c Remy Leveau (December 1998). “A democratic transition in Morocco?”. Le Monde diplomatique. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  6. ^ “Moroccans favor conservative party instead of ushering in Islamic party”, Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), 9 September 2007.
  7. ^ “Le roi nomme un nouveau gouvernement après des tractations difficiles”, Agence France-Presse, 15 October 2007 (French).
  8. ^ List of Socialist International parties in Africa Socialist International.
  9. ^ Party of European Socialists official website
  10. ^ “North Africa region daily news update”. Aswat. 24 October 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  11. ^ “Morocco”. European Forum. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 

External links